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Ahad, 14 Februari 2010

Home » » Negeri Terengganu Darul Iman -GEOGRAFI

Negeri Terengganu Darul Iman -GEOGRAFI

Negeri Terengganu Darul Iman adalah salah sebuah negeri yang terletak di Pantai Timur Semenanjung Malaysia. Ia terletak di antara garisan bujur 102.25 dengan 103.50 dan garisan lintang 4 hingga 5.50. Di bahagian utara dan barat lautnya bersempadan dengan Kelantan manakala di bahagian selatan dan barat daya pula bersempadan dengan Pahang. Keluasan negeri Terengganu sekarang adalah kira-kira 1,295,638.3 hektar / 1.295,512.1 hektar. Jaluran pantainya menganjur sejauh 225 kilometer dari utara (Besut) ke selatan (Kemaman).

Sebelum tahun 1947 terdapat sembilan daerah di Terengganu. Kuala Terengganu, Kemaman, Kemasik, Paka, Dungun, Marang, Hulu Terengganu, Besut dan Setiu. Daerah dalam Negeri Terengganu dikurangkan kepada enam - Kuala Terengganu, Kemaman, Dungun, Marang, Hulu Terengganu dan Besut. Kemudiannya pada 1 Januari 1985, sebuah daerah baru iaitu Setiu telah dibentuk dan menjadi daerah ketujuh di negeri Terengganu.

Tiap-tiap daerah ini ditadbirkan oleh Pegawai Daerah.

Keluasan daerah tersebut :-

1. Kuala Terengganu - 60,654.3 hektar
2. Kemaman - 253,559.9 hektar
3. Dungun - 273,503.1 hektar
4. Marang - 66,654.3 hektar
5. Hulu Terengganu - 387,462.6 hektar
6. Setiu - 130,436.3 hektar
7. Besut - 123,367.8 hektar

Penduduk Terengganu bertambah dari setahun ke setahun. Pada tahun 1912 penduduk Terengganu berjumlah 153,765 orang. Pada tahun 1951 seramai 236,300 orang. Seterusnya meningkat lagi pada tahun 1959 ke angka 278,147 orang dan tahun 1960 seramai 306,942.

Pada tahun 1963 berjumlah 339,816 orang dan pada tahun 1970 berjumlah 405,751 orang. Jumlahnya terus meningkat pada tahun 1990 ke angka 756,300 orang. Kini ( 1998 ) penduduk Terengganu kira-kira 1 juta orang. Daripada jumlah ini 90 peratus adalah orang Melayu dan bakinya terdiri daripada orang Cina dan India.


Ibu negeri Terengganu ialah Kuala Terengganu. Kegiatan utama ekonomi ialah perikanan. Hasil petrolium menguatkan lagi ekonomi negeri.

TERENGGANU

PENDUDUK MENGIKUT STRATA

STRATA 1970 1980 2000 * 2006
TERENGGANU

BANDAR
%
LUAR BANDAR
%

109,438
27
295,930
73

225,181
42.87
300,074
57.13

423,346
47.1
475,479
52.90

552,537
51.1
528,749
48.9

JUMLAH 405,368 525,255 898,825 1,081,286
% 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
MALAYSIA

BANDAR
%
LUAR BANDAR
%

2,798,600
26.81
7,640,800
73.19

4,492,549
34.2
8,643,560
65.8

13,301,485
57.15
9,973,205
42.85

16,921,855
63.52
9,718,345
36.48

JUMLAH 10,439,400 13,136,109 23,274,690 26,640,200
% 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00

Sumber:
Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia
Unit Perancang Ekonomi Negeri Terengganu
Unit Perancang Ekonomi Jabatan Perdana Menteri

Nota: * Pengiraan semula

BILANGAN PENDUDUK MENGIKUT KUMPULAN UMUR 2006

DAERAH 0-14 15-64 65 ke atas
BESUT 58,835 82,049 4,440
DUNGUN 63,969 88,828 7,199
HULU TERENGGANU 30,159 42,369 2,384
KEMAMAN 68,652 97,808 8,416
KUALA TERENGGANU 147,972 203,010 10,819
MARANG 40,958 57,493 4,019
SETIU 25,126 32,929 3,852
JUMLAH 435,671 604,486 41,129

Sumber:
Unit Perancang Ekonomi Negeri Terengganu
Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia

PENDUDUK MENGIKUT KUMPULAN UMUR

KUMPULAN
UMUR
2000 2006
Lelaki Perempuan Jumlah Lelaki Perempuan Jumlah
0-4 58,072 54,293 112,365 70,073 65,100 135,173
5-9 64,558 61,488 126,046 77,900 73,733 151,633
10-14 63,086 60,659 123,745 76,124 72,741 148,865
15-19 51,126 50,253 101,379 61,693 60,267 121,960
20-24 33,830 29,994 63,824 40,821 35,958 76,779
25-29 29,506 28,326 57,832 35,604 33,970 69,574
30-34 29,097 28,947 58,044 35,111 34,716 69,827
35-39 29,298 28,401 57,699 35,353 34,056 69,409
40-44 25,870 24,847 50,717 31,217 29,796 61,013
45-49 20,276 18,795 39,071 24,467 22,536 47,003
50-54 16,100 14,218 30,318 19,427 17,046 36,473
55-59 11,849 11,080 22,929 14,298 13,284 27,582
60-64 9,933 10,737 20,670 11,985 12,881 24,866
65-69 5,206 5,795 11,001 6,281 6,953 13,234
70-74 4,413 5,274 9,687 5,326 6,327 11,653
75+ 6,129 7,369 13,498 7,398 8,844 16,242
JUMLAH 458,349 440,476 898,825 553,078 528,208 1,081,286

Sumber:
Unit Perancang Ekonomi Negeri Terengganu
Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia



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